Frequently Asked Questions
How do I apply for HYM Course?
Please contact Matt Buffington (Matt.Buffington@ARS.USDA.GOV) about the next offering of HYM Course, which will likely be in 2018.
How do I pay for HYM Course?
Costs for the next HYM Course
What do I need to do to prepare for HYM Course?
Preparation for the course is not required. However, acquiring and reading introductory portions of the recommended texts on the "Home" tab of this website, especially Hymenoptera of the World (Goulet and Huber 1993), would be helpful for individuals with little or no entomological background.
Other general references that students might find useful (excluding those on the "Home" tab of this website).
What taxa are covered in HYM Course?
- Askew, R. R. Parasitic Insects. American Elsevier Publishing Company, Inc., New York. 316 pp.
- Clausen, C. P. Entomophagous Insects. Hafner Publishing Co., Inc., New York. v-x+688 pp.
- Gauld, I. and B. Bolton. 1988. The Hymenoptera. Oxford University Press, New York. v-xi+332 pp.
- Godfray, H. C. J. 1994. Parasitoids: Behavioural and Evolutionary Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton. i-ix+473 pp.
- Hanson, P. E. and I. D. Gauld. 1995. The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford University Press, New York. i-xx+893 pp.
- Hölldobler, R. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge. i-xii+773 pp.
- LaSalle, J. and I. D. Gauld. 1993. Hymenoptera and Biodiversity. CAB International, Wallingford. i-xi+348 pp.
- Michener, C. D. The Bees of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. i-xiv+913 pp.
- O'Neil, K. M. 2001. Solitary Wasps. Behavior and Natural History. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. i-xiii+406 pp.
- Quicke, D. L. J. 1997. Parasitic Wasps. Chapman & Hall, London. i-xvii+470 pp.
- Quicke, D. L. J. 2014. The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps: Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester. 704 pp.
- Raman, A., C. W. Schaefer, and T. M. Withers. Biology, Ecology, and Evolution of Gall-Inducing Arthropods. Volume 2. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield. i-xviii+817 pp.
- Shaw, M. R. and T. Huddleston. 1991. Classification and biology of the braconid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects 7: 1-126.
The following taxa are covered in HYM Course. Coverage for each taxon is at the family-level unless noted in parentheses. Chalcidoidea (subfamily for most), Mymarommatoidea, Ceraphronoidea, Cynipoidea (subfamily and lower), Platygastroidea, Proctotrupoidea, Apoidea, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea (subfamily for ants), Ichneumonoidea (subfamily), Evanioidea, Megalyroidea, Stephanoidea, Trigonalyoidea, and Symphyta. Please note that while sawflies, woodwasps, bees, and ants are covered in this course to provide a complete view of Hymenoptera, parasitic and predatory wasps are the focus of the course.
What do I need to bring to HYM Course?
Individuals who have certain supplies of their own are encouraged to bring them. This is especially true with regard to items such as the recommended texts (see "Home" tab of this website), particularly Hymenoptera of the World, insect nets, aspirators, fine forceps, and specimen manipulators. Students are welcome to bring specimens from their projects (preferably dehydrated and mounted) to consult with the instructors on identification as time permits.
The following supplies will be available to all students for use during the course.
Insect pins (#2 & #3)
Point punch, heavy-weight archival paper (e.g., bristol board), and glue for point and card-mounting small specimens
Ethanol for specimen preservation
Insect storage boxes
Indelible ink pens
The following items are things that you are expected to bring.
Notebook for course lectures, labs, and symposium
Pens or pencils
Field notebook [pocket-sized notebook]
Flashlight or headlamp (for nocturnal collecting and walking safely at night)
Coat or jacket
Field clothes (i.e., clothing for which you do not care if it gets wet,
stained, or torn)
Sturdy boots or shoes for the field (i.e., footwear for which you do not care
if it gets wet, stained, or torn)
Canteen or water bottle
Collecting bag or backpack to carry gear in the field
Paper and zip-top storage bags to collect materials for rearing
Insect repellant (or treat field clothing, at least one set,
with a permethrin soak)
The following items are things that you might consider bringing.
Swiss Army knife or Leatherman multi-tool
Cash for local personal purchases
Can I keep the specimens I collect during HYM Course?
Yes. Permits are not needed to collect insects on the field station grounds and
environs. Pinned specimens or specimens in vials should be placed in checked
baggage. Alcohol should be drained from vials so that only the specimens remain
in the vials. Participants interested in keeping the specimens they collect will
be given a letter explaining what the material is.